African pastoralists and herders
African pastoralists and herders, as opposed to farming societies, are found in particular parts of Africa, such as the Horn and parts of East and West Africa. It is no surprise therefore that pastoralist rock art is also concentrated in these areas.
Typically each tradition is found at a few hundred sites rather at many thousands as is the case for the hunter-gatherer traditions.
Pastoralist traditions, when painted, tend to use white and red as their primary colours and the pigment is generally applied by hand rather than using a brush. Pastoralist traditions appear to be remarkably diverse in their subject matter, meaning and motivation. They remain under-researched.